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17. 12. 2017

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ZNOJMO CASTLE

17. ZNOJMO CASTLE
- „CASTRUM MUNITISSIMUS ... “ (VINCENTIUS‘S CHRONICLE, YEAR 1146) –
The incorporation of Moravia into the Czech state in the first half of the 11th century and the shift of the Austro-Moravian frontier from the Danube far to the north made the Přemyslid duke Bretislaus I and his sons fortify the line along the Dyje River against possible attacks from Austria. The old Moravian castle at Hradiště had not long met up-to-date military standards, so the Přemyslid dukes resolved to build a new fortress on a conspicuous rock opposite Hradiště, from where it was possible to watch all events in the river valley and it's surroundings. The first building phase must have been completed around 1080. Znojmo Castle played a very important role in all diplomatic and wartime contacts between the realm of Bohemian dukes (later kings) and the Austrian parts of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1100 the famous wedding ceremony of Borivoj II, Duke of Bohemia, was held at Znojmo Castle. Forty years later, when the Znojmo region belonged as an appanage to Duke Conrad of Znojmo, the castle was besieged and finally burnt down by the troops of the Bohemian duke Vladislaus II. At the end of 12th century the castle was rebuilt and divided by a deep moat in two parts: the rear castle with the palace and palace chapel, and the front castle with military barracks and the Virgin Mary and St Catherine’s Rotunda. The entrance to the castle was guarded by a mighty, tall, octagonal tower – the so called Robber Tower, which unfortunately collapsed due to much neglect at the end of the 19th century. When King Ottokar I founded the royal city of Znojmo, the castle became a city citadel, connected with the city walls, with a strong garrison inside commanded by the royal burgrave. The importance of Znojmo Castle diminished at the end of the 17th century when the Turkish threat was once and for all averted by Prince Eugene of Savoy. Therefore, Roman Emperor Joseph I decided to get rid of the castle in 1710. The front castle was bought by Znojmo burghers, who in turn built a brewery there, and the rear castle got into the hands of the Lords of Deblin, who demolished much of the old structures and built a Baroque chateau there.

„CASTRUM MUNITISSIMUS ... “ (VINCENTIUS‘S CHRONICLE, YEAR 1146) –

The incorporation of Moravia into the Czech state in the first half of the 11th century and the shift of the Austro-Moravian frontier from the Danube far to the north made the Přemyslid duke Bretislaus I and his sons fortify the line along the Dyje River against possible attacks from Austria. The old Moravian castle at Hradiště had not long met up-to-date military standards, so the Přemyslid dukes resolved to build a new fortress on a conspicuous rock opposite Hradiště, from where it was possible to watch all events in the river valley and it's surroundings. The first building phase must have been completed around 1080. Znojmo Castle played a very important role in all diplomatic and wartime contacts between the realm of Bohemian dukes (later kings) and the Austrian parts of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1100 the famous wedding ceremony of Borivoj II, Duke of Bohemia, was held at Znojmo Castle. Forty years later, when the Znojmo region belonged as an appanage to Duke Conrad of Znojmo, the castle was besieged and finally burnt down by the troops of the Bohemian duke Vladislaus II. At the end of 12th century  the castle was rebuilt and divided by a deep moat in two parts: the rear castle with the palace and palace chapel, and the front castle with military barracks and the Virgin Mary and St Catherine’s Rotunda. The entrance to the castle was guarded by a mighty, tall, octagonal tower – the so called Robber Tower, which unfortunately collapsed due to much neglect at the end of the 19th century. When King Ottokar I founded the royal city of Znojmo, the castle became a city citadel, connected with the city walls, with a strong garrison inside commanded by the royal burgrave. The importance of Znojmo Castle diminished at the end of the 17th century when the Turkish threat was once and for all averted by Prince Eugene of Savoy. Therefore, Roman Emperor Joseph I decided to get rid of the castle in 1710. The front castle was bought by Znojmo burghers, who in turn built a brewery there, and the rear castle got into the hands of the Lords of Deblin, who demolished much of the old structures and built a Baroque chateau there. 


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