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15. 8. 2018

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ZNOJMO CASTLE


The strongest of strongholds... (The Chronicle of Vincencius on year 1146) 

The incorporation of Moravia into Přemyslid Bohemia in the 1st half of the 11th century brought on the need to improve the fortification of the unprotected stretch of border against the Ostmark (Austria). The old Great Moravian castle at Hradiště near Znojmo was no longer suitable to withstand the more advanced medieval military techniques. That is why the first Přemyslid dukes began the construction of a new fortified stronghold in the Znojmo principality. For this purpose, they surveyed the rock plane on a strategically placed narrow promontory looming across from Hradiště, controlling all movement in the valley of the Dyje river, Gránické valley as well as the sloping plane that is now the site of the city of Znojmo. The first phase of construction was probably finished during the rule of duke Conrad of Brno in the 80ies of the 11th century. Thanks to its location on the southern border of Moravia the castle „Znojem“ was a compulsory stop for all diplomatic missions between the Czech Dukedom and the Austrian regions of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. Around the year 1100, the castle hosted the wedding of the Czech duke Bořivoj II. and, forty years later, when it was the seat of the rebellious Duke Conrad of Znojmo, the castle endured a devastating siege by Czech armies. The castle was repaired and further rebuilt in the second half of the 12th century and in the beginning of the 13th century, when the castle was the seat of the first Moravian Margraves, Conrad Otto and shortly after Vladislaus Henry. The castle was divided into two parts by a moat: the inner castle with palace and palace chapel and a vast forecastle with buildings housing the castle garrison and a central chapel - the rotunda of the Virgin Mary and St. Catherine. Entry to the whole castle complex was through a gate, protected by a monumental octagonal, so-called Robbers' (Loupežnická) tower (at the end of the 19th century it collapsed due to long-term disrepair). After Přemysl Otakar I founded the town of Znojmo just before 1226, the castle became the seat of a strong garrison and the royal burgrave. The castle stronghold was also incorporated into the ingenious system of citywide fortifications. In the 16th century, the Znojmo castle became the setting of renowned Moravian Land Assemblies – in 1535 the Moravian Estates adopted the Land Order (a parallel of today's constitution), which remained in effect until the Thirty-year war. The retreat of the Turks from Hungary after 1683 caused a fatal decline in the military significance of the Znojmo castle. That is why emperor Joseph I decided to get rid of the desolate stronghold in 1710. The forecastle was acquired by the burghers of Znojmo, who built a brewery here shortly after. The inner castle became the fiefdom of the lords of Deblín, who had the old buildings torn down in part and in part rebuilt into a Baroque chateau.    

 

Open from May 1st to September 27th 2015

tel.: 515 222 311

 

 

 

May - September

Tue - Sun

9 AM - 5 PM

entrance fee:

Full entrance fee

40 CZK

 

Reduced entrance fee

20 CZK

 

SENIOR (65 years of age and older, 25% discount)

30 CZK

Tour time: 45 minutes

Photography possible for a fee

The last tour starts at 4 PM

we accept: FAMILY PASS,SPHERE CARD, SENIOR PASS

The Znojmo Historical Grape Harvest: September 11th 9 AM - 4:30 PM, September  12th 9 AM - 4:30 PM

Entry free of charge: 
Znojmo Museum Night: May 22nd 2015

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